Title of project: SISPEA (Information system on public water and sanitation services), a national system managed by Onema
French partner submitting the project description: ONEMA
Project Owner: ONEMA
French partners / Funding parties: Water agencies, local governments, private operators, departmental councils
Dates of project: Under development since November 2009
A few words on the project…
Since 2008, SISPEA, a national database operated by Onema, has provided open access to the mandatory indicators collected and contained in the RPQS (annual report on the price and quality of services) produced by local governments. The data are entered by the local governments, validated by State services, then published and made available on line at www.services.eaufrance.fr.
It is a very large partnership project in which local governments, various State services, the Water agencies, departmental councils and private operators all take part.
There are a total of 35 000 water and sanitation services in France. The objective is to reinforce a consistent degree of transparency that benefits to the consumers , and to provide local governments wishing to enhance its governance procedures with helping tools for managing their services.
The SISPEA project consists of a national database describing all French water and sanitation services. As of 31 December 2013, there were 13 618 services for drinking water, 17 112 collective-sanitation services and 4 195 non-collective sanitation services, for a total of 35 000 run by almost 24 000 local governments.
Each year, services are requested to enter their data, i.e. the relevant indicators characterising the service depending on its size and responsibilities.
An array of partners contribute to this nationwide project, e.g. the Water agencies require that local governments enter their data in SISPEA as a condition for certain grants, a number of departmental councils assist local governments with data entry, in conjunction with the departmental agencies of the Ecology ministry which in turn update the reference dataset (complete list of all services in the department) and validate data consistency before their publication. Finally, other participants (Health ministry, Ecology ministry, private operators) take part in storing certain data.
The data, available for consultation on the internet, contrubute to the transparency of services for consumers. The services themselves can call on a set of tools to assist in fulfilling their legal obligations (remote entry of RPQS data), to determine compliance with regulations (asset management, limitation of leaks) and to assess their performance level, notably through comparisons with other services.
Finally, all the collected data are fed into a national assessment of the human water cycle that results in an annual report drafted by Onema. The last report was published on 21 October 2014 and concerned the year 2011. The report on the year 2012 should be published in the first half of 2015.
Strengths of project
Since March 2012 (World water forum in Marseille), the SISPEA system follows the State’s open-data approach, i.e. all the data published by the local governments may be downloaded by a single click (one file for each year and type of service) and free for re-use.
Starting from scratch in 2009, SISPEA rapidly acquired the means to list and describe the 35 000 French water and sanitation services.
For example, today in 2014, SISPEA enables 90% of drinking-water consumers and 80% of persons using a collective-sanitation service to access the data on their service for at least one of the years 2009, 2010 and 2011.
More information (link to project webpage)
The SISPEA site (called the "Services site"):
Open-data downloads of all published data:
Download the Onema annual report on the price and quality of services: