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Make the city more efficient by promoting innovation and the interconnection of networks and information systems

Make the city more efficient by promoting innovation and the interconnection of networks and information systems

A city is a complex ecosystem, whose optimal performance requires knowledge and the processing and exchange of a large amount of information, mostly in real-time. The use of innovative technologies, generally relying on new ICT enables sharing of this information and as long as access to it is made easy, it has the ability to improve residents' quality of life.

 

 

Evaluation and monitoring of the environment

Environmental monitoring, which concerns both air and water quality, sound or soil pollution levels, not to mention meteorology, involves the installation of sensors and the organisation of alert systems to warn in the event of deterioration of the environment.

The transparency of these measurements and the involvement of residents in their use and subsequent actions is a major factor in their effectiveness.

 

Smart grids / Urban monitoring

A city's performance is based on its capacity to consume as little energy and natural resources as possible, while providing the best conditions in which economic activities and residents can develop. This result involves the use of smart grids which enable producers (energy, water, means of transport, etc.) to make fine, real-time adjustments to their production in response to consumers' needs, thus limiting waste.

They also make it possible, particularly in the case of energy, to manage temporary storage capacities and thus facilitate local consumption of energy produced locally. This requires the introduction of multiple sensors to monitor production and need, networks to exchange this information and also exchanges of physical flows (energy, water, etc.), while being as "transparent" as possible for users.

Telephone networks in Bangladesh Credit Hélène Ortiou UBIFRANCE

Geographical information systems

In order to facilitate planning, urban studies and programming, as well as the effective deployment of the multiple networks that are a city's lifeblood, geographical information systems are essential tools that must be developed, regularly updated and made available to a city's various stakeholders. This "geo-tagged" data also becomes a strategic "intangible" resource able to generate new high added value applications from an economic point of view. Openness of data and its free use are becoming major topics for urban governance.

Urban modelling

In order to anticipate and manage the consequences of city development, knowledge and modelling of physical urban phenomena and their consequences, particularly concerning the environment, has become a major issue since it constitutes an invaluable aid to decision making in the development of urban policy. Combined with display technologies like 3-D, it can also facilitate comprehension and ownership of projects by residents as well as their participation in their development.

Measuring air quality in Paris. Credit Laurent Mignaux - MEDDE-METL 

Project management, evaluation, qualification and certification

Quality of design and implementation of each project is essential. It involves project management techniques that integrate a cross-sectional vision of the project in its environment, evaluation mechanisms that depend on indicators set in advance, professional qualification and therefore training and finally certification of the results. These elements do not just concern the initial investment but also the project's functioning over the course of time.

Crowd sourcing

Participation of the population in collecting environmental monitoring information, in the creation of projects best suited to their needs and in the operation of the networks so that they best meet the need, will be facilitated by the use of crowd sourcing techniques.

 

References:

♦ Nice
 Issy les moulineaux
♦ Grenoble
♦ Lyon
♦ Cervway
♦ Streetlight Vision